We understand that the authors have worked carefully in preparing manuscripts, and we have carried out peer-review processes. However, sometimes there is the potential for published articles to be withdrawn or even deleted for scientific reasons. It should not be done lightly and can only occur under extraordinary circumstances. Therefore, corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed will be carried out with strict standards to maintain confidence in the authority of its electronic archives. It is our commitment and policy to maintain the integrity and completeness of important scientific records for researchers and librarians' archives.
- A major scientific error would invalidate the article's conclusions, for example, where there is clear evidence that findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
- The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission, or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).
- There are ethical issues such as plagiarism (appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit, including those obtained through confidential review of others' manuscripts) or inappropriate authorship.
- An article requiring potential retraction is brought to the attention of the journal editor.
- The journal editor should follow the step-by-step guidelines according to the COPE flowcharts (including evaluating a response from the author of the article in question).
- Before any action is taken, the editor's findings should be sent to the Advisory Editor in Chief.
- The final decision as to whether to retract is then communicated to the author and, if necessary, any other relevant bodies, such as the author's institution on occasion.
- The retraction statement is then posted online and published in the next available issue of the journal.
- If the authors request the withdrawal of their manuscript when the manuscript is still in the peer-reviewing process, the authors would be banned to submit their manuscript to IJoEM one year after the withdrawal date.
- If the manuscript's withdrawal after the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors would be banned to submit their manuscript to IJoEM two years after the withdrawal date.
- The authors who do not submit revised manuscripts after the manuscript is "accepted" to publish either with minor or major revision and does not make a confirmation for a long period of time, the editor may punish that the authors have made a withdrawal after the manuscript is accepted.
- A small part of an otherwise reliable publication reports flawed data or proves to be misleading, especially if this is the result of honest error.
- The Author or Contributor list is incorrect (e.g. a deserving Author has been omitted or someone who does not meet authorship criteria has been included).
- Publisher correction (erratum): to notify readers of an important error made by publishing/journal staff (usually a production error) that has a negative impact on the publication record or the scientific integrity of the article, or on the reputation of the Authors or the journal.
- Author correction (corrigendum): to notify readers of an important error made by the Authors, which has a negative impact on the publication record or the scientific integrity of the article or the authors' reputation or the journal.
- Addendum: an addition to the article by its Authors to explain inconsistencies, to expand the existing work, or otherwise explain or update the information in the main work.